Ce forum sera organisé par les jeunes chercheurs du CRHiDI (coord. Romain Landmeters, Hajar Oulad Ben Taib, Clément Pesesse, Nissaf Sghaier, Nicolas Simon) en collaboration avec le Contextual Research in Law (VUB) et le Centre d’Histoire du Droit et d’Anthropologie juridique (ULB).
The conference continues the long-standing tradition of the Association of Young Legal Historians of providing a general meeting spot for young scholars working on the history of law. It seeks to transcend communal boundaries to further research and to stimulate the exchange of ideas. Ever since her foundation twenty-five years ago the Association has been able to attract a loyal and returning group of young scholars from many countries across Europe and the wider world. In 2019, it is our honour to welcome you to Brussels.
Historically, the concept of citizenship encompassed three distinct, yet interconnected dimensions. The first and foremost dimension was of a legal nature: citizenship was a legal status which allowed one to act freely in accordance with the law and, when necessary, to claim its protection. In its second dimension citizenship presupposed one’s active participation in society’s political institutions. And last, though certainly not least, citizenship was closely linked to membership of a specific community that provided a distinct source of identity. All three dimensions were closely related to each other. This can perhaps be most aptly exemplified in the ancient boast of ‘Civis romanus sum!’, which encapsulated simultaneously a plea for legal rights, a republican sense of duty, and a distinctly Roman feeling of the imperial pride. Since the nineteenth century, these dimensions have been linked predominantly to the modern nation-state, a model which is nowadays increasingly challenged on the internal as well as the external level. Internally, many states are seen to be struggling with federalism, separatist movements, legacies of colonialism and right-wing identity politics. Externally, today’s governments are confronted with issues, such as climate change, demographic shifts, migration streams and a global and interdependent economic system, that require international cooperation or even supranational institutions.
The XXVth Annual Forum of the Young Legal Historians aims to shed light on these questions by looking at the legal history of the closely intertwined concepts of citizenship and legal history. Throughout history, citizenship and identity has been defined in different ways and at different levels. For instance, in antiquity the often smallish Greek poleis could hardly be compared to the expansive Roman Empire. Medieval life in Europe consisted of a feudal patchwork of kingdoms, principalities and free city-states, yet all were considered part of Christendom. Identity could also be determined by social class (e.g. aristocratic families) or by profession (e.g. the guilds). The nineteenth century saw the rise of nationalism and revolution, whilst at the same time European powers expanded their colonial empires. Despite these evolutions, it cannot be denied that there is also much continuity to be found. Although diversity and globalisation have reached an unprecedented scale and form today, these phenomena are not entirely new. Each era has had its international relations, its trades, wars, economic discrepancies, migrants and refugees.
There is, in short, enough reason to expect that we can learn from history. Such an endeavour necessitates a multidisciplinary approach since legal constructions can be fully appreciated only when combined with insights from the related fields of history, philosophy, political science and sociology. Therefore, the organizers welcome both traditional approaches in legal history and methodologically innovative research.
If you would like to present a paper during the conference, please send an application including an abstract of not more than 250 words and your CV to email@example.com before 15 January 2019. It is also possible to apply for a full panel. In that case, your proposal should also include, in addition to individual paper proposals, an abstract introducing the theme of the panel. Presentations have to be in English and should not exceed 20 minutes each. The conference fee will be € 100,- and does not include accommodation. Further information about the upcoming forum will be added soon on this website.
We look forward to welcoming you to Brussels.
Wouter De Rycke (Vrije Universiteit Brussel, CORE)
Marco in ’t Veld (Vrije Universiteit Brussel, CORE)
Maxime Jottrand (Université libre de Bruxelles, CHDAJ)
Romain Landmeters (Université Saint-Louis Bruxelles, CRHiDI)
Stephanie Plasschaert (Vrije Universiteit Brussel, CORE)
This conference received the generous support of the Committee for Legal History of the Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Science and the Arts and of the Young Academy.